The American Psychological Association (APA) has created a set of citation rules and formatting guidelines for scholarly writing, used mostly in the social sciences.
What is an In-Text Citation?
An in-text citation is a citation within your writing that shows where you found your information, facts, quotes, and research. All in-text citations require the same basic information:
How do I format an In-Text Citation?
There are two main ways to format an in-text citation.
1. Put all the citation information at the end of the sentence. Example: "The systematic development of literacy and schooling meant a new division in society, between the educated and the uneducated” (Cook-Gumperz, 1986, p. 27).
2. Place the period after the citation. Include some of the citation information as part of the sentence:
Example: According to Cook-Gumperz (1986), “The systematic development of literacy and schooling meant a new division in society, between the educated and the uneducated” (p. 27).
What is a References list?
A references list is a formatted list of all sources you cited within your paper. Any time you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or include information that you’ve read from an outside source, you must include that source in your references list.
What information goes in a References list?
Each item in your references list requires general publication information, including but not limited to:
Because so many sources appear online and do not have publication dates or even authors, additional information may be required, including retrieval data and corporate author information.
What are the key rules of creating a References list?
There are unique formatting rules to follow for each reference entry, but generally, remember these key rules for the whole references list: